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Bruxism
 
What is burxism ?
  Bruxism is the technical term for grinding and clenching that abrades teeth and may cause facial pain. People who grind and clench called bruxers, unintentionally bite down too hard an inappropriate times, such as in their sleep. In addition to grinding teeth, bruxers also may bite their fingernails, pencils and chew the inside of their cheek. People usually aren't diagnosed with bruxism until it is too late because so many don't realize they have the habit. Others mistakenly believe that their teeth must touch at all times. About one in three people suffer from bruxism, which can easily be treated by a dentist.
Can burxism cause harm ?
  People who have otherwise healthy teeth and gums can clench so often and so hard that over time their teeth become sensitive. They experience jaw pain, tense muscles and headaches along with excessive wear on their teeth. Forceful biting when not eating may cause the jaw to move out of proper balance.
What are the signs ?
  When a person has bruxism, the tips of the teeth look flat. Teeth are worn down so much that the enamel ins rubbed off, exposing the inside of the tooth which is called dentin. When exposed, dentin may become sensitive. Bruxers may experience pain in their temporomandibular joint (TMJ)-the jaw-which may manifest itself as popping and clicking. Women have a higher prevalence of bruxism possibly because they are more likely to experience tissue alterations in the jaw resulting form clenching and grinding. Tongue indentations are another sign of clenching.

Symptoms bruxers are more likely to notice themselves are headaches, earaches, sore jaw muscles, and "popping" sounds in the jaw (a sign of TMJ damage or an out of balance jaw).
Causes of teeth girnding
  Stress, anxiety and anger are the most common causes of jaw clenching in adults, and highly competitive "Type A" personalities are often prone to bruxism. Some sleep disorders can aggravate the condition, as can alcohol consumption and some medications. Dental problems, including improper alignment of upper and lower teeth, can also lead to clenching and grinding. Children can also brux.